This programme takes the employees responsible for running the Accounts and Finance functions of the organisation through their core duties. They will be taken through the step-by-step process of performing each task. The core duties are:
• Implementing all processes in accounting for financial transactions and enforcing the controls necessary for the running of the organisation’s business.
• Liaising with external auditor and others involved in matters of statutory regulations, including pension fund managers, the tax organisations, etc.
• Preparing financial and other relevant reports at such intervals that help Management decisions for the organization to run smoothly. These include:
1. Weekly performance report
2. Daily balances and advice on managing the balances
3. Bank reconciliation
4. Variance analysis
5. Management of the cash flow position
6. Monthly trial balance, income statement and balance sheet
7. Budgeting and budgetary control.
Interpretation of Financial Statements
• The three financial fundamentals
• The Balance Sheet – Interpreting Assets & Liabilities
• The Income & Expenditure Statement
• Diagnosing the Cash Flow Position and Requirements
• How do you know if the organisation is performing well?
• Budgets and budgeting cycle
• Steps in developing an operating budget
• Preparation of budgets
• Sensitivity analysis in budgeting
• Budgeting and responsibility accounting.
• The Internal Control System - Preventive, Detective and Directive
• Distinction between Internal Check and Internal Auditing
• How to Use Internal Control to Promote Operational Efficiency
• Internal Control and Risk Management – the Inherent Limitations
• Elements of Internal Control
o Internal Control on receipt of cash/cheques
o On cash and cheque payments
o On the organisation reconciliation;
o On stock/inventories, sales, etc.
• Operational auditing
o Approval of controls
o Evaluation of performance
o Fixed Assets.
Reviewing and Appraising Operating Controls
• Compliance with policies, plans and procedures
• Safeguard of assets
• Detection and prevention of frauds
• Economical and efficient use of resources
• Accomplishment of established objectives and goals for operation
• Internal auditing and the maintenance of a sound system of internal control
• Responsibility for the system of internal control – auditor or management
• Internal Audit Charter
• Understanding the nature and context of internal control
Management Involvement - Reviewing the effectiveness of internal control
• Responsibility for reviewing the effectiveness of internal control system
• The process of reviewing effectiveness
• Business objectives
• Risk identification and assessment
• Monitoring of controls.
• What cash flow statement is
• What the purpose of cash flow statement is
• Preparation of cashflow statement
• How to make operational, investing and financing decision when preparing cashflow
• key performance indicators for cashflow
• Action to take when there is surplus or deficit fund
• Source of Finance.
• Types of taxes
• What taxes are payable to Federal, State and Local Government
• Corporate Tax planning
• How to compute company income tax and capital allowance
• Filling of Self Assessment return and VAT return
• Withholding Tax and its application
• Capital Gains Tax
• Application for company and Personal Tax clearance certificate
• How to prepare Personal income tax
• Payment of Pay As You Earn deductions
• Rendering of annual return to State Internal Revenue Board.
Financial Reporting & Management
Types of Financial Report and How to Prepare Them
• Revenue analysis report
• Cost analysis report
• Expenses report
• Account receivable report
• Chairman’s report
• Auditor’s report
• Balance sheet
• Profit & loss statement
• Cash flow statement
• Financial performance report
• Benefits of Financial Report.
Registration: 8.30 – 9.00 a.m.
Class Session: 9.00 a.m. – 4.00 p.m.